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Companion Planting for Edible Food Gardens

06.09.11

Companion planting for vegetables, herbs and flowers is the practice of planting different plants in close proximity so that they complement each other by giving off scent or chemicals that repels away insects. Another way of enhancing plant growth in the garden is to physically plant complementary plants together e.g. corn and peas, the corn supports the peas and the peas fix nitrogen in the soil.

COMPANION PLANTS AND THEIR BENEFITS

  • Peas and beans enriches the soil and also add nitrogen to the soil
  • Garlic and rosemary have aromatic smell which repels insects
  • Blue borage flowers attract pollinating bees
  • Parsley, celery and carrots attract hover flies and their larvae consume aphids when in seed

GOOD COMPANION PLANTING FOR EDIBLE FOOD GARDENS

  • Asparagus with tomotoes and parsley
  • Basil with tomotoes, asparagus, beans, grapes, apricots and fuchsias
  • Beans with carrots, cauliflower, cucumbers, cabbage, celery, potatoes and sweet corn
  • Beets with onion and beans
  • Borage with srawberries
  • Broccoli and Cabbage with dill, potatoes, sage, rosemary and mint
  • Celery with beans

DID YOU KNOW?

  • Some vegetables when left to go to seed repel weeds and their root system aerates the soil e.g. radish, mustard and cabbage
  • Dried leaves of comfrey make wonderful mulching material in winter
  • Untreated wood shavings and bark conserve water and minimize weeding